Cognitive Robotics

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The kimono-clad android robot that recently made its debut as the new greeter at the entrance of Tokyo's Mitsukoshi department store is just one example of the rapid advancements being made in the field of robotics.

Cognitive robotics is an approach to creating artificial intelligence in robots by enabling them to learn from and respond to real-world situations, as opposed to pre-programming the robot with specific responses to every conceivable stimulus.

Presenting the contributions of international experts from various disciplines within the field, Cognitive Robotics provides novel material and discusses advanced approaches in the field of intelligent robotics. It explains the various aspects of the topic to provide readers with a solid foundation on the subject.

This edited collection presents theoretical research in cognitive robotics. It takes a multidisciplinary approach that considers the artificial intelligence, physical, chemical, philosophical, psychological, social, cultural, and ethical aspects of this rapidly emerging field. The editor is a prominent researcher whose Lovotics research into emotional bonds with robots is widely recognized.

Supplying an accessible introduction to cognitive robotics, the book considers computational intelligence for cognitive robotics based on informationally structured space. It examines how people respond to robots and what makes robots psychologically appealing to humans.

The book contextualizes concepts in the history of studies on intelligence theories and includes case studies of different types of robots in action. Although ideal for robotics researchers and professionals, this book is also suitable for use as a supporting textbook in advanced robotics courses at both the undergraduate and graduate levels.

Table of contents:

SECTION I: ETHICAL ASPECT OF COGNITIVE ROBOTICS

When Robots Do Wrong

David Levy

Introduction

Blame the Robot?

The Robot as a Quasi-Person

The Robot as a Quasi-Animal

The Robot as a Man-Made Object

Punishing the Robot

Blaming the Robot - Summary

Blaming Homo Sapiens

A Question of Trust

Negligence and Product Liability Laws

The First Robot Fatality

Robots and the Laws of Negligence

Robots and the Laws of Product Liability

When Robots are Modified or Misused

Other Considerations of Legal Responsibility

Summary of Legal Considerations

Robot Cars

Insurance

Summary and Conclusions

Bibliography

SECTION II: PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT OF COGNITIVE ROBOTICS

Designing Modular AI Robots Inspired by Amerindian Material Culture

Doros Polydorou and Alexis Kaekotis

Introduction

Evolution of Technology and Ideas

The Amerindian World and the Techno– Animistic Paradigm Shift

Animism: Material & Metamorphosis

Egalitarian Societies

Formation of a Robotic Community

Conclusion

Bibliography

SECTION III: CHEMICAL ASPECT OF COGNITIVE ROBOTICS

A Learning Planet

Hans Sprong

Introduction

Perspective

The Second Law

The Control of Fire

Emergence of Learning

Of Men and Centaurs

The Great Escape

Bibliography

SECTION IV: PHYSICAL ASPECT OF COGNITIVE ROBOTICS

Embodiment in Cognitive Robotics: An Update

Paolo Barattini

Introduction

Talking Chinese, Meaning and Recent Theoretical Debate

Recent Practical Implementations of the Embodiment of Emotions, Motivations and Intentional States

Conclusions

Bibliography

Imagined Physics: Exploring Examples of Shape-changing Interfaces

Tim R. Merritt, Mie Nørgaard, Christian Ø. Laursen, Majken K. Rasmussen , and Marianne G. Petersen

Introduction

Shape-Changing Interfaces

Examples from Our Courses

Shape-Changing Tumbling Objects: bObles

Shape-Changing with Light

Shape-Changing Surfaces

Imagined Physics

Movement and Incidental Effects of Actuators

Future Work

Acknowledgements

Bibliography

SECTION V: CULTURAL & SOCIAL ASPECTS OF COGNITIVE ROBOTICS

Effects of Cultural Context and Social Role on Human - Robot Interaction

Pei-Luen Patrick Rau and Na Chen

Introduction

Effects of Cultural Context

Factors Influencing Human - Robot Interaction

Effects of Cultural Context on Decision Making

Effects of Robots’ Social Role: Autonomy

Level and Group Orientation

Social Robots

Autonomy level of robots

Group orientation

Effects of robots’ social role on decision making

Future Work

Bibliography

A Cognitive Model for Human Willingness to Collaborate with Robots

Belinda J. Dustan and Jeffrey Tzu Kwan Valino Koh

Introduction

A Cognitive Model for Determining Human Willingness to Engage with Collaborative Robots

Determinants

Control Beliefs

Behavioral Beliefs

Normative Beliefs

Cultural Robotics

Future Research

Conclusion

Bibliography

Social Cognition of Robots during Interacting with Humans

Alex Yu-Hung Chien and Von-Wun Soo

Introduction

Speech Acts and Dialogue Context

Model Speech Acts As Dialogue Context Change

Multiple Dialogue Contexts

Physical Context

Emotion model

Social Relation

Social Role

Personality

Preference

Speech Act Model with Multiple Contexts

Context Awareness in Dialogue

Computational Model of Context Awareness Reasoning Using DBN

Noisy-OR Model

Isolated Contexts

Experiment

A Speech Act Model with Multiple Contexts

Infer Social Context from Dialogue

Noise in Dialogue Context Awareness

Pragmatic Prediction with Dialogue Contexts

The Most Likely Pragmatic Speech Acts Sequence

Conclusion

Bibliography

SECTION VI: PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECT OF COGNITIVE ROBOTICS

On the Crossroads of Cognitive Psychologyand Cognitive Robotics

Roy de Kleijn, George Kachergis , and Bernhard Hommel

Early History of the Fields

History of Cognitive Psychology

The Computer Analogy

Early Cognitive Robots

Action Control

Introduction

Feedforward and Feedback Control in Humans

Feedforward and Feedback Control in Robots

Robotic Action Planning

Acquisition of Action Control

Introduction

Human Action-Effect Learning

Traditional Action-Effect Learning Research

Motor Babbling

Robotic Action-Effect Learning

Directions for The Future

Introduction

Affordance Learning

Everyday Action Planning

Conclusion

Bibliography

SECTION VII: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ASPECT OF COGNITIVE ROBOTICS

A Bottom-Up Integration of Vision and Actions To Create Cognitive Humanoids

Jürgen Leitner

Introduction

A Cognitive Robotics Approach

Perceiving the Environment

Object Detection: icVision & CGP-IP

Interacting with the Environment

Collision Avoidance andWorld Model: MoBeE

Action Repertoire: TRM & LEOGrasper

Integration

Closing the Action-Perception Loop

Results

Avoiding a Moving Obstacle

Reaching and Grasping Objects

Conclusions

Bibliography